42.3 In the event of disagreement on the application of this clause, the parties will consult to resolve the disputes. The purpose of this memorandum is to give effect to the agreement between the employer and the Research Council Workers` Association on the period of implementation of the collective agreement. Retroactive amounts are calculated by applying the relevant percentages of increase indicated in the collective agreement and not on the basis of salary scales in contractual approaches. 56.2 Under no circumstances may the maximum compensation provided for in this article be of a pyramidal height. For greater certainty, payments referred to in Annexes A 56.9 to 56.12 or other similar provisions in other collective agreements are considered severance pay for the management of this clause. In the event that there are differences in the agreements between the Board of Directors and the CSPIP and the agreement between the Board of Directors and the PSAC, nrc and RCEA will negotiate the specific agreement (either the PIPSC agreement or the PSAC) that will be made available to members for ratification and inclusion in the collective agreement. Without prejudice to the provisions of the pay slips in Schedule 1 relating to the calculation of retroactive payments and Annex D for the period of implementation of the collective agreement, this memorandum is to enter into force the agreement between the employer and the Workers` Association of the Research Council on a modified approach to the calculation and management of retroactive payments for the current round of negotiations. Workers are not required to join a union on a given job. However, most sectors of activity with an average trade union organization of 70% are subject to a collective agreement.
An agreement does not prohibit higher wages and better social benefits, but sets a legal minimum, much like a minimum wage. In addition, a national agreement on income policy is often, but not always, reached, including all trade unions, employers` organisations and the Finnish government.  With effect from June 4, 2014, sections 56.8 and 56.9 are deleted from the collective agreement. . . .